Central Asia Fellows Papers Central Asia Program Series Publications

Propiska as a Tool of Discrimination in Central Asia

Central Asia Fellowship Papers No. 12, January 2016

By Malika Tukmadiyeva

Malika Tukmadiyeva holds a Master of Arts in Political Science and Security in Central Asia from the OSCE Academy (Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan) and Master of Advances Studies in International and European Security from the University of Geneva (Geneva, Switzerland). She has several years of working experience in the Kazakhstani civil sector in such areas as youth empowerment and environmental issues. She was a research intern for the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) in 2013, and a research fellow at the Soros Foundation Kazakhstan Public Policy Initiative in 2014.

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