Central Asia Research Paper No. 4, November 2012
By Jargalsaikhan Mendee
Human security challenges in developing nations attract little attention when the latter are not experiencing armed conflicts. In spite of declarations and good intentions to improve human security, populations in developing countries remain vulnerable to both non-systematic violence and non-violent human security threats such as poverty, disease, and disasters. Non-conflict related human security is often worsened by three main factors: 1) the unprecedented difficulties of political and economic transitions in post-Communist Eurasia; 2) nation-specific geographic and ecological features; and 3) the ineffectiveness of the state to deliver security, social justice, and sustainable development. Mongolia is an excellent case study to understand the unkept human security promises of the developing world as it represents a new democracy, a landlocked state with specific geographic and ecological constraints, and ineffective state bodies unable to manage their limited resources.