with Richard Pomfret, Professor of Economics, University of Adelaide, Australia
Kazakhstan has used energy revenues to save for the future, invest in human capital, and diversify the structure of production with the goal of becoming one of the “fifty most competitive, dynamically developing countries in the world”. Agriculture has been a key part of the diversification strategy ever since the government committed a billion dollars to the 2003-5 Agriculture and Food Program. Since then agricultural policy has passed through several phases, mirroring evolving attitudes in Kazakhstan towards the role of government and of the market in economic development. This seminar analyses the content and consequences of agricultural policy, and agriculture’s role in Kazakhstan’s economic transformation.
Richard Pomfret, Professor of Economics at the University of Adelaide, Australia, and adviser to the Australian government and to international organizations such as the World Bank, Asian Development Bank, United Nations Development Programme, and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
with Neil Melvin, Director of Program Armed Conflict and Conflict Management, SIPRI
Over the last two decades, Kyrgyzstan has experienced two major outbreaks of violence involving the main ethnic communities in the country: the Kyrgyz and the Uzbeks. These violent incidentshave generally been viewed as ethnic conflicts and much of the response to the violence from thegovernment, local communities, and the international community has been framed within thisunderstanding. At the same time, Kyrgyzstan has also experienced other, less significant violent events and political crises that have often been linked temporally to the “ethnic conflicts”. This suggests that a full understanding of the nature of armed conflict in Kyrgyzstan and the involvement of ethnic communities in violence at a minimum requires a broader examination of the context of the violence. Neil Melvin is director of Program Armed Conflict and Conflict Management at the StockholmInternational Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), and has also worked at a variety of leading policy institutes in Europe.
NATO members are exiting from Afghanistan at different speeds, dictated by pressures from their domestic public opinions. This withdrawal has re-launched debates on the security of the Central Asian region. In the years to come, the post-2014 changes in the regional landscape will intersect with domestic evolutions including changes in political leadership, in demographics, and the end of the Soviet legacy. GW’s Central Asia Program seeks to participate in the policy debate on Central Asia by providing current research on the different sources of potential insecurity in the region.
Deconstructing the ‘Spillover’ Narrative
Afghan Spillover Oversell: The Greater Danger of Self-Inflicted Harm in Central Asia
The Closing of Central Asia’s Borders
Drug-Trafficking: Identifying the Real Challenges
Dilemmas of Democratization: The Problems of Transitioning from Authoritarian Rule in Kyrgyzstan andImplications for other Countries in the Region
My Property, your Courts: The International Litigation of Contested Central Asian Assets
Regulating Private Security Companies in Central Asia
Effective resolution of water related issues as a crucial factor for security in Central Asia
The Crisis of Consistency in Uzbekistan
Redistribution of oil revenues in Kazakhstan: excessive expectations from the population?
Kyrgyzstan: When Consolidation Fails
Statecraft in Tajikistan: A blunt instrument for a fine task?
Islamic “revival” in Central Asia: Social trend or political threat?
Geostrategic factors in the Islamist militant threat to central Asia
Activities of Central Asian Islamic militant organizations on the internet and social media
Part of IERES’s Book Launch Series
Former World Bank Vice President for Europe and Central Asia
Panel 2: European and American Policy Priorities in Central Asia(5:00-6:30)
Discussion on Kazakh Cinema
Introduction: Peter Rollberg, Director, IERES, GWU
Kazakh Cinema in an Historical Perspective: from Perestroika to Post-Borat Time
Jean Radvanyi, Professor, National Institute for Oriental Languages and Cultures, Paris, France
Politics and Cinema: Divergence in Post-Soviet Central Asian Film
Michael Rouland, co-editor of Cinema in Central Asia: Rewriting Cultural Histories (I.B.Tauris, 2013)
Film Screening (7:00-8:30 pm)- Killer (1998), by Darezhan Omirbaev
Winner of the ‘Un Certain Regard Award’ at the 1998 Cannes Film Festival
Since the fall of the Soviet Union, Kazakhstan’s film industry has experienced major changes along with the rest of a Kazakh society. Through movies, Kazakh film-makers have been able to explore the new dimensions of their society and begin to create a new cultural history. This event will be a discussion on Kazakh cinema and its role in Kazakh society as it reexamines past events and their narratives. We will then be showing Killer, Darzehan Omirbaev’s award winning film.
In partnership with the Kennan Institute and the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars’ South Asia Center.
Spotlight on Central Eurasia Speaker Series
This event explores local and regional perspectives on the future of Afghanistan against the backdrop of the planned United States withdrawal of military forces from the region. The first session focuses on local politics and governance in Afghanistan, and the second session investigates the ways in which Afghanistan’s neighbors have been discussing and planning for the upcoming changes.
2:00-3:15 pm Views from Within Afghanistan
Noah Coburn (Bennington College), “Elections and the Hazards of Transition: Voting and Local Governance in Afghanistan” author of Bazaar Politics: Pottery and Power in an Afghan Market Town (2011)
3:15-3:30 pm Coffee Break
3:30-5:00 pm Views from Afghanistan’s Neighbors
Simbal Khan (Institute of Strategic Studies, Islamabad, Pakistan and Woodrow Wilson Center Fellow), “Pakistan’s Strategy on Afghanistan: Between Dodging Bullets and Moderating Outcomes”
Marlene Laruelle (George Washington University), “A “regional solution” for Afghanistan? Perspectives from Afghanistan’s Northern Neighbors”
George Washington University’s Central Asia Program
Wilson Center’s South Asia Program
The Spotlight on Central Eurasia Speaker Series, hosted by the Wilson Center’s Kennan Institute, aims to inform Washington, DC-based scholars and practitioners of the latest research on a range of topics and from a variety of disciplines impacting the future of the Caucasus and Central Asia.
Volker Jacoby will shed light on the uneasy relationship between Tajikistan and Uzbekistan and put it into the broader regional context of Central Asia. He will talk about the water/energy nexus in the region and the struggle over the Rogun Hydropower station project in Tajikistan, the conflict over the Farhad water reservoir, TALCO, border delimitation, railroad connections and other strains between the two neighbors. He will also elaborate on necessity and prospects of cooperation in the region, with a view also towards the withdrawal of international combat forces from Afghanistan.
with Begaiym Esenkulova, American University of Central Asia, Kyrgyzstan