Central Asia Economic Paper No. 2, September 2012
By Robert M. Cutler
Kazakhstan’s ‘resource nationalism’ is learned behavior arising from twenty years of experience of independence.
Successful administrative and financial reforms from the 1990s and early 2000s facilitate its implementation.
Its purposes are to insure (1) timely develop-ment of energy deposits through increased participation in management decision-making, (2) economic and social development outside the energy sector, and (3) public health through ecological and environmental security.